National Cluster Programs

A Global Perspective

About the report

This report was written for
Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada (ISED).

In this report we address five strategic questions

How has Superclusters emerged?
What are common business models?
How are Superclusters designed?
What are available government policy levers?
What are emerging cluster trends?

To address these five questions, we have completed extensive literature review, studied 30 national cluster
programs and interviewed 20+ international cluster experts . We have studied large-scale national-shaping
programs, existing Supercluster programs and traditional innovation cluster programs.

What you will find in this report

In this report we have researched, mapped out or done interviews with more than 30 different cluster programs around the world.

From Denmark’s recent shift to national superclusters, Germany’s multitude of cluster programs to Columbia’s support of 105 national clusters; we have analyzed national cluster programs around the world.

In doing so, we have identified a series of patterns, of similar practices that are being applied around the world. We have also identified a number of key policy levers governments can apply to shape their respective programs.

In the report, you will learn:

  • How has superclusters emerged around key economic opportunities? (how did they start, how did they get selected, what was the opportunity?)
  • What are the most common Supercluster business models (financing models)
  • How are most Superclusters designed? (organizational model)
  • What are the available Government policy levers? (how can government shape Supercluster programs)
  • What are some of the new and emerging trends in cluster program design?


Report Highlights

Researched & Written By Cluster Experts


Christian Rangen

Chris is considered one of the world’s leading experts in innovation clusters and Supercluster development.

Over the last decade he has worked with well over 250 clusters and more than 25 national cluster programs.

He is currently actively involved with supporting and developing national cluster programs across the Americas, Europe and the Middle East. In this capacity he advises
ministries, national cluster program teams and national cluster champions in how to best set up and launch new, national cluster programs.

Chris is also the inventor of 75 visual strategy tools for innovation clusters, many of them used with leading cluster programs around the world.

Through his online and in-person cluster leadership development programs he has worked with 100’s of cluster experts around the world.

He is currently working on a series of books on modern innovation clusters.

He is based in Norway, but zooming extensively around the world.


Roberto Chaverri

Roberto is a senior consultant and experienced Executive with more
than 20 years of international experience in different fields and industries.

Roberto has worked in multiple cluster-related projects across the world. His work includes building deep cluster capabilities for Costa Rica´s National Cluster and designing the cluster strategy for several
clusters in the life science space and technology sectors.

Through the Strategy Tools cluster platform, Roberto plays a key role in
the development of deep cluster capabilities across the globe.

He is a regular instructor at Strategy Tools Global Cluster Leadership Program and has delivered multiple cluster training programs in Costa Rica, Mexico, Serbia, Ireland and Finland.

He is an author and has contributed to several publications like “Cluster Business Models. Exploring Business Models in Global Innovation Clusters” by Christian Rangen and Victor Haze.

Roberto is a renowned cluster authority in the LATAM region and a frequent speaker at cluster summits and conferences.

His areas of interests and expertise include Cluster Strategy, Cluster Business Model design and Cluster development in emerging markets.


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